Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability
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Academician Hao Jjiming led the expert group to discuss the ‘Causes of Air Pollution and Control Plan’ with Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau

The heavy air pollution in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region during the autumn and winter seasons has been taken seriously by the State Council. Following the arrangement of the State Council, Ministry of Environmental Protection devised the ‘Causes of Air Pollution and Control Plan ’. This plan invited national and local institutions which focus on air pollution research and implemented a tracking study system which fixed output quotas for each institution. This plan also established the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and neighboring areas ‘2+26’ cities thematic working group.

As for Beijing, applying by the municipal government and coordinating by Ministry of Environmental Protection, Hao Jiming, academician of Tsinghua University, has been appointed to be responsible for the research plan. This research plan will invite some national institutions, such as Tsinghua University, Peking University, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, and Beijing University of Technology, and some local institutions, such as Beijing Municipal Environmental Monitoring Center and Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection.

On the afternoon of September 4, academician Hao Jiming and the other experts of the national research team came to our bureau, studying the ideas of Beijing programme research. Yu Jianhua, the chief engineer of the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, led the relevant departments and the principal of the direct unit to discuss the work with the national research team. Academician Hao pointed out that the central government attaches great importance to the project and expects to meet the needs of the local government through this landing project. He also stated that the project would be based on the principle of problem orientation, Beijing characteristics and the mobilization all of the social forces.

According to a report produced by United Nations Environment Programme, air pollution control in Beijing has made great achievements since 1998. After 20 years, the main source of air pollution has already changed. There is an urgent need to produce a more accurate list of the air pollution source, to sophisticatedly analyze the source of air pollution, to analyze the process of air pollution in the recent years, and to conduct quantitative analysis on meteorological conditions, emission characteristics and emergency mitigation measures of air pollution.

On this basis, accurate measures to deal with different types of air pollution during the autumn and winter seasons should be produced. At the same time, the medium - and long-term air quality standards should be more specific and detailed, and the specific government measures should be formed under the support of big data environmental monitoring system and assessment techniques.

Some experts, such as Wang Shuxiao who comes from Tsinghua University, Yanjing who comes from Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection, Liu Baoxian who comes from Beijing Municipal Environmental Monitoring Center introduced the air pollution source list of Beijing, the analysis of the source of air pollution and the treatment plan. They also pointed out that these work will be carried out on the existing work.

Lixiang, the director of the air department of the municipal environmental protection bureau, Zhong chonglei, the director of the department of pollution, and Aiyi, who works in the department of the motor vehicles pointed out some opinions and suggestions on research plan. Experts from Peking University, Institute of Atmospheric Physics and other participating units have supplemented some ideas on the programme.

Yu Jianhua, the chief engineer, thanked Hao for him personally leading the expert team to discuss the research plan. Yu Jianhua also gave 3 opinions on the plan: firstly, the Beijing municipal government attaches great importance to the programme, and we should cooperate with the research team to conduct the project work; secondly, Beijing Municipal Environmental Monitoring Center and Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection should cherish the opportunity to work with the national institutions. We should make effort on team building and improve our ability. Thirdly, Yu Jianhua stated 3 problems which hope the national institutions could help to solve: first is to solve the problem that the source of air pollution is not clear; second is to publicize the causes of the air pollution which are already clear to the public; third is to produce the medium and long-term air pollution improvement targets and performance targets so that to push air pollution control work to the next step.

The department of science and technology and international cooperation will continue to coordinate to implement the project.

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