Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability
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2015 36th Issue: Du Xiangwan: High-Carbon to Low-Carbon Transformation

Du Xiangwan: Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering

China's development nowadays is a high-carbon one. China's energy consumption per-capita of GDP is much higher than that of the world's average. Inappropriate development of huge energy consumption industry and low energy efficiency rate are main reasons behind.

Therefore, the ongoing new urbanization campaign should seek a low-carbon approach. Energy consumption per capita should be kept under control so as to promote industrial structure transformation.

Coal consumption is also an issue of urgency. Coal purification should be carried out to avoid pollution and realize zero-emission. Besides, petroleum consumption ought to be decreased within a proper range by restricting car ownership.

Low-carbon energy should also be explored. There are mainly three kinds of low-carbon energy: natural gas, renewable energy and nuclear energy. Based on China's national conditions, proportion of natural gas ought to be raised to transform energy mix into a clean one. Renewable energy such as hydro power, wind power and solar power, biomass and geothermal energy, with huge development potential, could help reduce greenhouse gas emission. Nuclear energy represents a sustainable choice for power generation. It is expected that by 2050, proportion of the three kinds of low-carbon energy in China would reach more than 50%.

Low-carbon development can also help create new growth points of economy so as to advance modernization. It represents a sustainable way in promoting economic development. Besides, low-carbon concept should also be applied to social development. Recovery and reutilization of household refuse is an example in point and represents a low-carbon lifestyle. By introducing low-carbon technology, national sustainable development and development of humanity can also be promoted so as to help combat climate change.

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